ARCHEOLOGY AND HISTORY
We bring you Masullas, a lovely and welcoming village like its people, cradle of ancient traditions passed down over time, preserved and valorised natural beauties, history and archeology.
Our virtual journey inside the ancient village of Masullas starts in the historic center, which is still strongly connected to its origins: stone-paved paths, sandstone houses and suggestive religious buildings bring us back in time.
The oldest churches are Saint Leonard and Saint Lucy’s churches, both dating back to the Medieval period., these churches are a must see of the village for connoisseurs of the genre due to their curious origins, their design and some interesting historic details
The first historical centers of the town were connected to these two churches. St Leonard’s Church, entirely made with sandstone blocks, dates back to 1200, even if recent studies have found an ancient architectural structure dating back to the late Roman/Gothic period. St Lucy’s Church is built along a slope. This church is particularly well known as it hosts the 18th century statue which gives the church its name.
Walking through Masullas, it is impossible not to spot an important presence, standing out majestic, as if its aim is to protect the small town. It Is the bell tower of the main Church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin of Graces, better known as “Sa Gloriosa” (“The Glorious”). It is difficult to estimate with any certainty the date of its origin: every element of this church holds an important piece of history, for example the beauty of the mesmerising Gothic-Spanish decorative patterns, the wooden retable of “Sa Gloriosa” realised by the brothers painters Francesco and Matteo Canopia and the painting of Giovanni Battista Sitzia (“Marracciu”).
Religion and archeology are the roots that weave through the history of Masullas. Another important part of this journey is linked to the Church of the Blessed Virgin of Graces. During restoration work of the church yard the stratigraphic excavation returned two finds of great historical value to the collective knowledge: a chamber tomb, inside which were rediscovered the bone remains of a male individual between the age of 30 and 40. These bones were deposited on a lithic stone and were accompanied by a cross anchored in iron. This find dates probably back to the year 1089, according to the dating analysed by the radiocarbon method (C14).
According to Sassari University’s professor Per Giorgio Spanu, the second extraordinary find, is a baptismal font dating back to the Paleochristian period (VI/VII century A.D.). An archeological discover which value cross the regional borders.
Going through few centuries and taking a step forward in time to continue our journey between past and present, we now arrive to the XVIIth century when the Saint Francis’ Convent was built for the Capuchin Friars, who stayed till the first decades of XX century.
While now the ex convent doesn’t host anymore Capuchin friars, it lives a new life housing the Geo-Museum Monte Arci.
From devotion to science the step is very short. Whoever loves to know the genealogy of our land can find in Masullas a unique scientific pole. It is here that in fact it has been possible recreate the geologic history of Sardinia for the first time, a story told by the permanent collection of minerals and fossils in the GeoMuseum, dedicated to Stefano Incani.
Once we cross the doorway, we will be dazzled by the strange magic of this place, where minerals and stones speak, narrating an ancient and complex story. Findings of rare beauty, including fluorescent minerals and dioramas, which reproduce the activity of the Monte Arci’s volcano with scientific rigor, And, about 1,800 specimens of animal fossils and plant fossils that enclose silently a past that holds the chronicle of our existence.
Old buildings that are born again thanks to culture: so the old city hall becomes the Museum “The Knights of the Hills” and our trip to discover Masullas keeps moving through its ancient walls.
As it is easy to understand, the Museum introduces the history of local rural nobility which for five centuries defined life of the local villages and Parte Montis, but equally defined societal life for the remainder of Sardinia. In fact, it is throughout this period that we witness the evolution of themes such as justice and legality.
After deep diving in culture, it’s time to finish our virtual journey with walk in Masullas’ botanical garden: the first botanical garden to haves botanic species typical of Monte Arci, medicinal herbs, Mediterranean vegetation and a delicious option the pomegranate garden, an orchard entirely dedicated to this fruit, symbol of the community of Masullas.