St. Leonard’s Church
St. Leonard’s romanic church is the most ancient religious building in Masullas. There is no documented research about its construction, but it is dated around the XIII century.
In the 1977 restoration, the foundation of a pre-existing building was recovered, dating back at least to the Byzantine period, and where the Romanesque structure had been built on . Currently the first structure is visible from the grates positioned on the floor of the small altar.
The structure is built with local sandstone: the absyd and the front are built with squared blocks, while for the lateral walls mixed stones have been used.
The church appears aisleless, covered in wood and with a north-eastern oriented absyd . The facade is a simple yet elegant interpretation of the Romanic-Pisan style, which was very common in Sardinia starting from the eleventh century. The opening portal was built with monolithic jambs and lintel and topped by a load-bearing arch, above which a band of arches run with double rings (semicircular, and externally with a pointed arch feature) that can be interpreted as a fake loggia. To note the presence of ashlars with hollows which contained the ceramic basin, now lost. Above the band, there is a mullioned window in line with the entrance, and a bell tower. Notable architectural elements are the capitals with ornamental garden decorations located on the southern wall and the raised lintel architrave. The lateral sides have both a single lancet splayed towards the inside, as well as the same features as of the apse, such as an anthropomorphic protome (human face, visible from the inside).
In his half eighteenth century geographical dictionary, Vittorio Angius indicates that “tlegents wants that inside this church were buried martyrs Calisto and Calica”. Access to the church was prohibited in 1830 due to its state of neglect, after being used as a grains mountain.
Today St. Leonard’s church is part of the project “Itinera Romanica”, a network of itineraries of romanic churches between Sardinia, Tuscany and Corsica.
Inside the church, St. Lawrence’s (half sixteenth century), St. Michael the Archangel’s (seventeenth century) and St. Vitus Martyr’s sculptures were found.